Pond Supplies & Construction

Posts Tagged Koi Pond

Summer Tips For Your Pond


Summer is finally here! It’s time to get outside to soak up the sun, time to be free to enjoy your water feature! While you are outside soaking up those rays by the pond, keep these tips in mind to keep you water feature looking pristine all summer long!

Before long you’ll have beautiful, frolicking flower and plant blooms that will bring sweet smells of summer, and keep us outside longer! Along with those beautiful aquatic blooms, comes algae, which is one bloom that is not so pleasant! Since you’re already outside, try a few things that will help maintain that algae bloom that isn’t so sweet.

By adding plants that provide shade to your pond you will keep the sun from penetrating the water and, in turn, reduce algae growth. It’s like sunscreen for your pond! There are some aquatic plants that are perfect for this and are also beautiful! Water Lilies, Water Hyacinth, and Water Lettuce are all great for adding shade to your pond. With these three plants you get an added plus! Not only do they add shade to prevent algae growth, but they also add coverage for your fish to hide under, keeping them safe from dangerous and pesky predators! It’s a Win-Win!

Now, it’s understandable that you will want feed your fish a little more than normal since you will be outside and spending more quality time with them, but don’t do it! At least try to restrain yourself. I know those little suckers can be irresistible. They’re like puppies. They’ll come up and look so cute! If you can manage to feed them less, they will produce less waste. If there is less waste in the pond, then the algae will have less to feed on. All you Koi lovers may feel a huge weight on your shoulders as I tell you to feed your Koi less, but trust me, they will not starve! If they get hungry they will do you a favor and eat some of that algae that you are trying to get rid of! Another Win-Win!

Keeping up on a few maintenance items will improve your water clarity and prevent algae growth during these hot months as well. If you have not done so yet this year, switch out the bulb in your Ultra-Violet light! Those bulbs typically need to be replaced once per year. Once you get that fresh bulb installed, you will see a drastic difference! For those of you who are saying, “Ultra-Violet? In a pond!?” and you also have green water, please, please, please call us at Cazee Ponds, and we will help you step into the light! It works wonders!

Remember to keep an eye on your filtration media, rinse it clear of debris, as needed, keep any decomposing plants trimmed back, and most importantly keep adding beneficial bacteria! Keeping up on this maintenance will keep you and your eco-system happy and healthy

Now that I have given you plenty of tips and tricks that should keep those algae blooms down and keep those flower blooms up and smelling sweet, enjoy your summer, and stay outside longer!

For more information, contact Cazee Ponds.

How Many Koi Can I Have In My Pond?

How Many Koi Can I Have In My Pond?


This has to be the number one question we get from new pond owners. Using a “Rule of Thumb” is great to put you in the ballpark but they really shouldn’t be taken as the end all final decision. We hear this DANGEROUS old RULE OF THUMB that some aquarium hobbyists have brought over to the pond world on from time to time. “I’ve been told I can have 1” of fish for every gallon of water.”
And that’s all fine and good if you have a ten-gallon aquarium with ten adorable little Pineapple Swordtails. That’s great if you have a ten-gallon pond with ten mosquito fish. Where it’s no longer a good rule of thumb is if you have a sixty-gallon aquarium with two 30” Koi! Or in the pond world that translates to thirty-three 30” Koi in a 1000-gallon pond. Doesn’t that sound silly? Even a new pond enthusiast knows that’s ridiculously over-crowded and a disaster waiting to happen.
Let’s get down to a RULE OF THUMB you truly can use to help you stock your pond and then we’ll review a few things to help keep you grounded when using it.
If you are consulting with a high-end Koi keeper you will hear rules like one female Koi for every 1000 gallons of water or one male Koi for every 500 gallons of water. For those of you new to the hobby the female Koi get much larger than the males and have much more mass.
This may seem extremely conservative to the person that just spent a lot of money installing a 3000-gallon pond to beautify their back yard. That translates to only three female Koi or six male Koi, or some combination of the two, for that 3000-gallon pond.
For most people, limiting yourself to one Koi per 250 gallons of pond water is still conservative, but assuming you have a good life support system on the pond and you aren’t opposed to some routine maintenance, it can be done. Such routine maintenance would be cleaning skimmers, pre-filters and doing water changes. That translates to twelve Koi in a 3000-gallon pond. However, since I don’t recommend even numbers in a Koi pond then your target would be eleven Koi in 3000 gallons of pond water.
Buying Koi, especially if you are new to the hobby, is really a lot of fun and can be incredibly addicting! [If anyone knows of a twelve step program for buying Koi please let my wife know, she will get me signed up!] Taking into consideration the average family has a Mom, Dad, and a three pack of kiddos, and everyone always wants to pick out a few of his or her favorites, before you know it you have 25 or 30 small Koi in your 2000-gallon pond.
That should be fine for a couple of years when the Koi are young. But then all of a sudden you are grossly overstocked with too many Koi. Algae is growing like crazy, the pre-filters need to be cleaned every day (or they stop working) and the filters are not keeping up with the amount of fish poo! Let’s do the math. 2000-gallon pond translates to 8 full-grown Koi and you have 30! The Obvious Solution – Get rid of 22 Koi or build a bigger pond. Good Luck telling the kids (or your wife!) that you need to get rid of a few of their favorite Koi. They will revolt!
If you are starting with small Koi remember they will get big and it really doesn’t take that long. In just two or three years you’ll have a hefty sized herd of Koi mobbing around your pond. I’ve come across a great deal of over crowded ponds with unhappy Koi. One of the worst I’ve seen was a 350-gallon pond with 13 large adult Koi. It was not pretty! It turned from a maintenance request to simply a rescue mission. Don’t put yourself, or your Koi, in that position.
Here’s a FUN FACT to help you wrap your arms around the demands of large Koi. A 13” Koi weights approximately 1 lb. Guess what a 26” Koi tips the scales at… Approximately 13 lbs! When Koi double in size you are looking at more than a tenfold increase in mass! That’s an incredible burden on the pond’s life support system!
I can give you a “Rule of Thumb” to get you in the ballpark but I can’t express to you enough, the importance of a solid life support system for your pond. Now go do the math on your pond and tell me how your Koi herd stacks up to this rule of thumb: One Koi per 250 gallons of Pond Water.
Helping the world go with the flow…
Brad Cazee
Cazee Ponds

Out of control Algae

Out of control algae is not as hard to achieve as it sounds. Pond algae can seriously take over you beautiful, pristine pond. Crazy, florescent green string algae so long and thick that you could sell it to aliens to use as wigs! Pond algae so out of control you can practically walk across the pond on it, this is what we’re talking about

Are you jealous of someone you know with so much pond algae that the Creature from the Black Lagoon might actually live in their pond ready to emerge from the depths to do some bodily damage to the neighborhood? Of course not

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I can literally teach you, in ten easy steps, how to grow such dark shades of suspended green single-cell algae so that you can reduce the visibility in your pond to less than an inch. You won’t even have to see your prized koi, goldfish or other aquatic life in your pond! Imagine a pond so dense with pond scum and algae that on a cool morning at the break of dawn you see steam rising from the pond!

Converting a crystal clear and clean pond to a pond dominated and controlled by algae does not take much effort. In fact, several items on our list of the Top Ten Things you can do to promote out of control algae in your pond involve doing absolutely nothing at all!

Cazee Ponds Top Ten List of things you can do to get the algae in your pond to grow out of control. Guaranteed!

OVER FEED YOUR FISH! This is one really fun thing you can do to throw your pond out of balance really quickly and promote the growth of some out of control algae. Feed you fish massive quantities of fish food three, four, five times a day. In fact leave the fish food in an easily accessible location right next to the pond so it’s easy for your family and friends to overfeed the fish too! If you’re going away for the weekend, feed your fish EXTRA before you leave and then EXTRA when you get back. After you finish feeding the fish each morning toss a couple more random handfuls of fish food into the pond so the fish have something to eat while you’re at work. In fact, the more uneaten fish food you have floating around in the pond the better if you are looking to promote the growth of pond algae.

OVER STOCK YOUR POND with Koi, mosquito fish, turtles, goldfish, tadpoles, frogs and hope for babies! This is also extremely fun to do! Buy as many fish as you think your pond can support and then buy a dozen more for good measure! No one likes a pond with a conservative amount of fish in the pond, right? Over stock it!!When you finally do have hundreds of baby fish in your pond commit to not giving away any of them! Name each and every one of the baby fish! The more fish the better for promoting a great environment for pond algae that is difficult to manage!

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DON’T DO WATER CHANGES! If you follow through with steps one and two you will be promoting amazingly poor water quality. By NOT performing any water changes, algae will go crazy! String alga is one of Mother Nature’s ways of trying to manage water quality. If you do water changes you will be reducing phosphates and nitrates. Pond algae is dependent on phosphates and nitrates for optimal growth and vibrant color. If you get in a little routine and start actually doing small water changes on a monthly basis your water quality would constantly be improving and pond algae would be sad, so don’t do water changes if you are looking to grow fantastic pond algae!

DON’T CLEAN YOUR FILTERS! Ignore, neglect, forget, avoid, overlook, and/or pay absolutely NO attention to your pond filters! Really, don’t even look their way! Filters capture and collect pond scum, debris and muck. If you clean your filters regularly you will be reducing the necessary fuel to grow luscious pond algae.

DON’T INSTALL A POND SKIMMER ON YOUR POND! Pond skimmers capture surface debris in your pond including, but not limited to, leaves, pollen, dust, uneaten fish food and other suspended organic debris. If you don’t have a skimmer then these excess organics will have the opportunity to become water logged, sink to the bottom of the pond and become FUEL for your beloved pond algae. Who really wants to see the bottom of your pond anyway?

DO NOT PLANT AQUATIC PLANTS! If you want the Creature from the Black Lagoon to come and live in your pond, DO NOT put aquatic plants in your pond and you will grow pond algae like crazy! Aquatic plants consume nitrates and excess nutrients in your pond. If you have a nice balance of aquatic plants in your pond then how in the world do you plan on growing massive quantities of string algae? The aquatic plants will be competing with your pond algae for fuel!

You’re right on track, we’re almost there!

DON’T BLOCK THE SUN! Provide your pond with as much sun exposure as possible! Algae love the sun so if you are looking to grow top quality pond algae then bring on the sun! No shade trees, no water lilies or floating aquatic plants! More sun equals a warmer pond and the warmer the water the better your algae will grow!

FEED DIRT-CHEAP KOI FOOD! That’s right; don’t feed a real deal premium fish food to your koi if you want to grow pond algae like crazy! Buy the cheapest fish food you can get your hands on. You know, the cheap koi food that sometimes clouds the water when you over feed your pond, right? Get the cheap koi STICKS that crush in your fingers like Cheetos. The floating koi sticks get wet & gooey when the koi chew them up and the food ends up squirting out their gills during feeding and the remnants of the koi stick goo end up on the bottom of your pond where pond algae can start to use it to grow like crazy!


TURN YOUR PUMPS OFF AT NIGHT! Oh, this is really a good one if you want to grow the best pond algae on the planet! You see when your filters are running on your pond they become a living organism that helps you manage pristine conditions in your water quality. When you turn your filter pumps off in the evening then the living organisms die. In the morning when you turn your pumps and filters back on you will be pumping all the DEAD organisms from the filters back into the pond and your pond algae will love it! Each morning your filter will try and regenerate into a living organism but by turning your pumps and filters off each night then you will never truly have a living & breathing life support system to combat all of that beautiful algae.

DO STEPS 1 THROUGH 9 ALL AT ONCE! Wash, rinse, repeat! If you do these all at the same time I promise you will grow the most amazing pond algae the planet has ever seen!

If you wish to thank me for sharing my successful recipes for growing the ultimate out of control algae, please send photos of you and your algae. Your success is my reward!

Four Spring Pond Care Essentials Every Pond Needs Annually!

Four Spring Pond Care Essentials Every Pond Needs Annually!

Tags: Backyard Waterfalls, Fish Ponds, Koi Pond Construction, Koi Ponds, Pond Maintenance, Ponds, Water Gardens
Understanding Spring Pond Care
Spring has snuck up on us quickly this year in southern Arizona! I’m sure you’re already enjoying the outdoors and all the wonder and excitement of your beautiful pond again. That brings us to the topic of preparing your pond for spring. Mother Nature has a fantastic way of preparing her natural bodies of water for each new season by flooding waterways with fresh rains and melting snow, recycling old water out and refreshing it with new.
In rock and gravel eco-system ponds this service needs to be provided manually on an annual basis to help maintain its balance. This means; you’ve got to get in there, drain the pond, rinse the gravel, remove any heavy debris that may have accumulated during fall and while you’re at it, clean the biological waterfall filter, thin out your aquatic plants, and replace the light bulbs your underwater lighting systems, among other things; all while ensuring the safety of your fish and other pond inhabitants.
Advanced ponds with souped up life support systems including aeration systems, UV clarifiers, Bio-Mechanical filters, Back Flushable Waterfall Filters, bottom drains, settlement tanks and such, the SPRING POND CARE procedures are much less painful and cost substantially less than traditional rock and gravel eco-system ponds. However, there are many chores that shouldn’t be overlooked like replacing UV bulbs and cleaning the quartz sleeves, inspecting air intakes and diaphragms on your air pumps, and the list of to do’s and don’t goes on.
Four Spring Pond Care Essentials Your Pond Needs Annually!
1. Livestock Evaluation – It’s important to take a serious look at your fish population each and every year. It only takes about three years for a new pond owner to begin putting a strain on a pond’s life support system without even realizing it.
In the third year of pond ownership your Koi should start to put on some size (and mass) if you’re doing things right. A 26” Koi can have 8 times the body mass of a 13” Koi. Yes, believe it or not, a Koi that doubles in length can put on 8 times the mass! Imagine the food consumption and waste byproduct produced if all the Koi in your pond were suddenly 26”? How would that affect your maintenance and water treatment routines?
Much too often a pond owner will continue to do the same routine from day one of their pond, into the 3rd, 4th and 5th years. This is when things can start to go really wrong. Evaluate your livestock population each spring so you can make minor or major adjustments each year and enjoy your Koi as they mature in to majestic beauties.
2. Water Treatment Evaluation – Beneficial Bacteria, Barley Straw Extract, Algae Fix, Koi Clay, Flocculant, Pond Salt, and the list goes on. What treatments are you doing and how often? I’ve evaluated ponds for clients and have found entire cabinets full of different water treatment products all being used at the same time! Find clarity in your water treatment selection and in turn find clarity in your pond.
If your pond is heavily populated you might find that increasing your beneficial bacteria doses will help manage your water quality. You will probably discover that when your Koi attain 18” you can reduce algae care products because an 18” Koi can eat a serious amount of string algae!
Did you know the use of a Flocculant or Koi Clay could improve your pond’s water clarity in a big way? It can! Reviewing your water treatment usage each spring is a great way to make improvements in your water quality.
3. Review Feeding Schedule Routines, Serving Sizes and Total Annual Poundage Give this one some thought; think back to when you pond was brand new when you first populated your pond with Koi. Do you remember how much fish food you went through in your first pond season? Your Koi where still a bit shy and they were only a few inches long.
Chances are, you went through a pound or two of food in that first season. As your pond matures, so do the Koi and in the second season you certainly doubled or tripled that amount of food offerings. Before you know it you are into your third season, your Koi are even bigger, eat much more than last year and to top it off have become sexually active!
By the fourth season your Koi are pushing 2’ long and have 50 or 60 offspring swimming around the pond and they’re eating you out of house and home. I actually have a client with a 6000-gallon pond that purchased 250 pounds of fish food last year! That’s crazy when you think about it! It’s important to realize massive jumps that can creep up on you and understand the demand this can have on your maintenance and water treatment routines.
4. Life Support System Inspection – Biological filters, UV filters, aeration systems, ion generators, sieve filters, settlement tanks, bottom drains, check valves, knife valves, 3-way valves, filter pads, skimmer nets & pads… Now take a deep breath! Go about it one step at a time and evaluate each component of your life support system.
Ponds are exposed to a great deal each year with the Arizona sun, seasonal changes, population explosions and such. I’ve seen bio-mechanical filters so overloaded with pond muck that they barely even worked, and the homeowner didn’t even realize it.
Replace UV lamps, repair diaphragms on air pumps, replace old filter pads on your mechanical filters, replace skimmer nets and lava rock media bags that have holes in them. You get the picture now, right? Do a physical inspection of your life support each spring and rest easy while enjoying your pond the rest of the year.
It’s a dirty job, but somebody has got to do it! It’s really not as hard as it sounds and for the “Down and Dirty”, do-it-yourselfers that are a little nervous, let us at Cazee Ponds personally walk you through spring pond care procedures and other routine maintenance to build your confidence for this task.
If you don’t want to get your hands dirty then have no fear, Cazee Ponds has already started scheduling work orders for Spring Pond Care and we’ll be flooding into your neighborhood soon! Allowing us to do the work for you will leave more time for you to plant your annual spring flowers and prepare for the barbecue Pond Party planning for family and friends; don’t forget to send us an invitation, too!
I hope everyone has it figured it out by now; Cazee Ponds is not your ordinary Landscaper and Pond Builder. We are fish freaks turned Landscapers and Pond Builders! We are constantly striving for excellence in our field with continuous research and development. This enables us to give in put and help make educated improvements on our product line, thus helping you with the maintenance and health care concerns of your pond and it inhabitants.
Our efforts benefit you because we love to share our knowledge. Check out Cazee Ponds on Instagram for photos of all the wonderful things we encounter, and on Snapchat for Pond Pro Tips straight from Brad Cazee.
To secure a spot on our clean out calendar contact our office at (520)-490-9648 to be placed on our waiting list. Be sure to leave a daytime number so that one of our maintenance techs can contact you to review your spring POND CARE work order if necessary.
We’ve worked hard to gain your business, and we’re working even harder, to maintain it. The finest compliment we could ever receive is a referral from you! If your have neighbors, friends and family that are constantly at your place marveling over your pond, PLEASE give me their names so I can build one for them too and get them out of your hair!